The Spatial and Gendered Organization of the Work Process in the Early 20th Century

Hawthorne Works 1932

The Hawthorne Works in Cicero, Illinois. 1932.

HumanComputers

An office using punched-card technology. Early 20th century.

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Old and new filing systems at the Fox River Butter Company, c.1920 (Yates, 1989)

cropped-women-typing1.jpg

Crunching numbers. Compare this with the spatial (and gendered!) organization of work in a shirtwaist factory below.

shirtwaste factory