The intellectual content of research can and should be considered “institutional” in the same way we think about other conventional arrangements and practices as institutional. Hence, we may also speak of the modernization or rationalization of research problems, theories, methods, concepts, and evaluation criteria. The fine- grained twists and turns of technical debates among scientists turn out, upon close examination, to track the other institutional commitments that the scientists have made.

— Elihu Gerson (1998)